Hogeschool van Amsterdam

AUAS Library

Vancouver Style

In the medical world, the Vancouver Style is a much used way to reference sources. Read more about what Vancouver is, how it works and see the guidelines.

What is Vancouver?

The Vancouver style is a numerical referencing system. It is an important standard for the medical sciences. The Vancouver style was created in 1978 by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). The name Vancouver refers to the place of their first meeting.
References are numbered consecutively in order of appearance in the text; the first reference is (1), the second (2) and so on. Place each reference between parentheses (1) or square brackets [1] or superscript 1, or even a combination[1] – you can use whatever you prefer, but be consistent.

The Vancouver guidelines

The Vancouver Style is part of the “Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly work in Medical Journals ” by the ICMJE.
There are several variations to the Vancouver style, mostly created by publishers and there is an AUAS modified Vancouver style. Ask your teacher which of these you should use.


Official guides:


Published by  HvA Library 29 June 2020