Hogeschool van Amsterdam

Urban Vitality

Injury incidence and risk factors

a cohort study of 706 8-km or 16-km recreational runners


Objectives To report (1) the injury incidence in recreational runners in preparation for a 8-km or 16-km running event and (2) which factors were associated with<br/>an increased injury risk. <br/><br/>Methods Prospective cohort study in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Participants (n=5327) received a baseline survey to determine event distance (8 km or 16 km), main sport, running experience, previous injuries, recent overuse injuries and personal characteristics. Three days after the race, they received a follow-up survey to determine duration of training period, running distance per week, training hours, injuries during preparation and use of<br/>technology. Univariate and multivariate regression models were applied to examine potential risk factors for injuries. <br/><br/>Results 1304 (24.5%) participants completed both surveys. After excluding participants with current health problems, no signed informed consent, missing or incorrect data, we included 706 (13.3%) participants. In total, 142 participants (20.1%) reported an injury during preparation for the event. Univariate analyses (OR: 1.7, 95% CI 1.1 to 2.4) and multivariate analyses (OR: 1.7, 95% CI 1.1 to 2.5) showed that injury history was a significant risk factor for running injuries (Nagelkerke R-square=0.06). <br/><br/>Conclusion An injury incidence for recreational runners in preparation for a running event was 20%. A previous injury was the only significant risk factor for runningrelated injuries.

Reference Dallinga, J., van Rijn, R., Stubbe, J., & Deutekom, M. (2019). Injury incidence and risk factors: a cohort study of 706 8-km or 16-km recreational runners. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 5(1), [e000489]. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2018-000489
Published by  Urban Vitality 1 January 2019

Publication date

Jan 2019


Rogier van Rijn
Janine Stubbe
Marije Deutekom


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