Hogeschool van Amsterdam

Urban Vitality

Assessment of appendicular lean mass for diagnosis of sarcopenia in older adults

bio-electrical impedance analysis versus dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry

Abstract

Rationale: Diagnosis of sarcopenia in older adults is essential for early treatment in clinical practice. Bio-electrical impedance analysis (BIA) may be a valid means to assess appendicular lean mass (ALM) in older adults, but limited evidence is available. Therefore, we aim to evaluate the validity of BIA to assess ALM in older adults.<br/>Methods: In 215 community dwelling older adults (age ≥ 55 years), ALM was measured by BIA (Tanita MC-780; 8-points) and compared with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA, Hologic Discovery A) as reference. Validity for assessing absolute values of ALM was evaluated by: 1) bias (mean difference), 2) percentage of accurate predictions (within 5% of DXA values), 3) individual error (root mean squared error (RMSE), mean absolute deviation), 4) limits of agreement (Bland-Altman analysis). For diagnosis of low ALM, the lowest quintile of ALM by DXA was used (below 21.4 kg for males and 15.4 for females). Sensitivity and specificity of detecting low ALM by BIA were assessed.<br/>Results: Mean age of the subjects was 71.9 ± 6.4, with a BMI of 25.8 ± 4.2 kg/m2, and 70% were females. BIA slightly underestimated ALM compared to DXA with a mean bias of -0.6 ± 0.2 kg. The percentage accurate predictions was 54% with RMSE 1.6 kg and limits of agreements −3.0 to +1.8 kg. Sensitivity was 79%, indicating that 79% of subjects with low ALM according to DXA also had low ALM with the BIA. Specificity was 90%, indicating that 90% of subjects with ‘no low’ ALM according to DXA also had ‘no low’ ALM with the BIA.<br/>Conclusions: This comparison showed a poor validity of BIA to assess absolute values of ALM, but a reasonable sensitivity and specificity to diagnose a low level of ALM in community-dwelling older adults in clinical practice.<br/>Disclosure of interest: None declared.

Reference Verreijen, A. M., van den Helder, J., van Dronkelaar, C., Memelink, R. G., Engberink, M. F., Weijs, P. J. M., & Tieland, M. (2018). Assessment of appendicular lean mass for diagnosis of sarcopenia in older adults: bio-electrical impedance analysis versus dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Clinical nutrition, 37(Supplement 1), S102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2018.06.1392
Published by  Faculty Sports and Nutrition 1 September 2018