Centre of Expertise Urban Vitality

Physical Functioning After Admission to the PICU: A Scoping Review

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Physical Functioning After Admission to the PICU: A Scoping Review

Objectives

To conduct a scoping review to 1) describe findings and determinants of physical functioning in children during and/or after PICU stay, 2) identify which domains of physical functioning are measured, 3) and synthesize the clinical and research knowledge gaps.

Data Sources

A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Cochrane Library databases following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses extension for Scoping Reviews guidelines.

Study Selection

Two investigators independently screened and included studies against predetermined criteria.

Data Extraction

One investigator extracted data with review by a second investigator. A narrative analyses approach was used.

Data Synthesis

A total of 2,610 articles were identified, leaving 68 studies for inclusion. Post-PICU/hospital discharge scores show that PICU survivors report difficulties in physical functioning during and years after PICU stay. Although sustained improvements in the long-term have been reported, most of the reported levels were lower compared with the reference and baseline values. Decreased physical functioning was associated with longer hospital stay and presence of comorbidities. A diversity of instruments was used in which mobility and self-care were mostly addressed.

CONCLUSIONS

The results show that children perceive moderate to severe difficulties in physical functioning during and years after PICU stay. Longitudinal assessments during and after PICU stay should be incorporated, especially for children with a higher risk for poor functional outcomes. There is need for consensus on the most suitable methods to assess physical functioning in children admitted to the PICU.

Reference Bossen, D., de Boer, R. M., Knoester, H., Maaskant, J. M., van der Schaaf, M., Alsem, M. W., Gemke, R. J. B. J., van Woensel, J. B. M., Oosterlaan, J., & Engelbert, R. H. H. (2021). Physical Functioning After Admission to the PICU: A Scoping Review. Critical Care Explorations, 3(6), 1-10. Article e0462. https://doi.org/10.1097/CCE.0000000000000462
Published by  Urban Vitality 1 June 2021

Publication date

Jun 2021

Author(s)

Rosa M. de Boer
Hendrika Knoester
Jolanda M. Maaskant
Marike van der Schaaf
Mattijs W. Alsem
Reinoud J. B. J. Gemke
Job B. M. van Woensel
Jaap Oosterlaan

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