Urban Governance and Social Innovation



Antenne offers a means for monitoring developments with regard to the drug market and substance use and for the timely detection of emerging trends.

Antenne is a study conducted annually in cooperation with Jellinek Prevention. The study involves a multi-method approach in which both qualitative and quantitative data are collected.

Antenne Amsterdam was launched in 1993. In 2017, a second regional study, Antenne Gooi en Vechtstreek, was introduced as well.


The latest edition, Antenne Amsterdam 2018, was published on 20 September 2019. In Antenne 2018, trends in the Amsterdam nightlife and developments with regard to substance use and the drug market are described from various perspectives: a panel study, a survey among pub guests and an analysis of results from the drug testing service.

The nightlife sector is expressing criticism of increasing ‘festivalisation’ and holiday tourism. Although nearly all visitors to clubs and bars drink alcohol, some quite heavily, non-alcoholic beverages and periodic abstinence from drinking are gaining ground as well. The number of people who smoke cigarettes and/or cannabis during a night out is declining. While the total percentage of smokers is more or less stable, smoking every day is no longer typical.

The use of ecstasy is stagnating; following years of strong growth, numbers are now showing a slight decrease. Yet ecstasy remains a popular drug and the pills are still strong. Cocaine use continues to increase. Use of amphetamines is stabilising and methamphetamine remains an infrequently seen drug. There are concerns regarding the use laughing gas. Ketamine is no longer a curiosity. GHB is not welcome in night-time hotspots. 4-FA is decreasing in popularity, while 2C-B is not. There seems to be a resurgence in the use of psychedelics.

Delivery services are offering entire menus of drugs for sale via WhatsApp. While pub customers are no strangers to drugs, they generally use them only a few times per year (at most) and not during your typical night out at the pub. On those evenings, only one recreational substance is being consumed: alcohol.

Unfortunally the publication of Antenne is only available in Dutch.

14 May 2020

Project Info

Start date 01 Jan 2000
End date 31 Dec 2021